Though each child's reaction to stress is unique, we know that children of deployed parents are at an increased risk for these difficulties when compared with military children whose parents did not deploy1. Every school district in the country has military-connected students. Despite needs to better understand the impact of deployment on military children and families and to provide proper support for them, rigorous research is lacking. And as they grow up, the nearly 2 million military children face many of the … Military children have always had to deal with the stressors of being the new kid on the block. In her work at STRONG STAR, Dr. Jacoby conducts prevention and supportive programs with military families with young children experiencing deployment. 3. It's one of the many side effects of being a military brat. When military families establish strong relationships and have strong, supportive social networks, they perform well and display more resiliency during challenging times. Check in with your child’s doctor and seek support if you suspect your child might be struggling with a deployment or separation. For more ways to help your military child thrive, download our free handbook “A Battle Plan for Military Children’s Mental Wellness.” It’s a great place to find help in creating a solid, stable household in which military children can thrive. Many formal and informal resources already exist to support military children and families, but further assistance, support and engagement involving the broader community is still needed. And it’s usually not just a relocation down the street. If you believe your child is struggling with these challenges, use whatever support is available to you, such as a therapist. Although many children in military families adjust well to the challenges of military life, some children, especially those with special needs, may still face significant problems. A child of a deployed or recently returned service member may experience increased worry about the safety of their parent or anxiety when separated from either of their parents. Because of frequent transitions, it is unfortunately easy to miss warning signs that a child needs help. These separations bring a mix of complex emotions for everyone in the family. The effects on children with pre-existing psychological or other conditions of being a member of a military family at time of war also need to be examined. This is especially challenging for children who learn differently or have special needs. The basic requirements are that applicants must be a U.S. citizen between 17 and 23 years old (25 for the U.S. When military families establish strong relationships and have strong, supportive social networks, they perform well and display more resiliency during challenging times. Over time, these unique stressors can take a toll on even the most resilient kids. This means that frequent moving comes not only with stress of readjustment, but also with feelings of sadness and grieving. Most families do well after peacetime deployments since these deployments are usually safer and shorte… FORT CARSON, Colo. -- They never chose the Army, but many of them were born into it. Over 80 percent of these children – 1,105,267 students – attend Pre-K through 12 public schools. Community environments affect children’s adjustment and coping, and parental stress, which can be mitigated by community support. If your child is serious about wanting to attend a military academy, you’ll need to start thinking about the application process during the early years of high school. Military Children from WAMU's Breaking Ground project sheds light on the challenges of being the child of soldiers. 10) We speak a different language. Because schools teach content at different paces and with different teaching styles, a child may enter a classroom where they are expected to already know content they haven’t been taught yet. Gen. Dave and Mrs. Dulce Howe and senior at Tabb High School, won the Langley Officer's Spouses Club's 2012 Scholarship contest. Without focused support and resources, military children face social and emotional challenges, difficulty understanding policies and adjusting to curriculum and school climate, difficulty qualifying for or continuing with special education services, and … The Children of Military Service Members Challenges, Supports, and Future Educational Research. Kavitha Cardoza/WAMU Check Out The Full Story From WAMU's Breaking Ground Project Publication Type – Peer-Reviewed Journal Article. Although these relocations may disrupt academic and social networks, military children often function as well as, or better than, non-military children. Deployments make 9-12-month separations from a parent quite common. While there are many positive elements of growing up in a military family, being a military kid means always having to adjust and adapt to an array of changes, and that’s not an easy task! American Psychologist (2011); 66(1), 65-72. Research and programs need to take a comprehensive approach that is strengths based and problem focused. Deployment and mental health diagnoses among children of US Army personnel. An opportu-nity being a military child IS making new friends and seeing new places. Always having to “put yourself out there” and get to know new people is tiring, especially if you know another move will be on the horizon which means starting over again. Because previous research has introduced the important role siblings play in an individual’s well-being, in the future, researchers should focus on the challenges facing brothers and sisters of service members, as well as the impact siblings have on military children. My military upbringing has taught me how to work harder, get further, and always be me. The military teaches you to be strong and independent at such a young age. Since the Vietnam War in the 1960s and ’70s, the military’s demographic has changed. ... the majority of children are doing well despite those challenges. Communities, neighborhoods, schools and extended family play a significant role in the well-being of military children during deployment. You may even notice your children struggling to leave behind things that surprise you, such as a particular tree in your back yard, or their favorite space in your home. This can leave military children feeling lonely or socially isolated. Too much responsibility, especially for things above what would typically be expected for their age, can cause a child to feel undue pressure, anxiety, or resentment. Experts explain mental state of military children. Children may also struggle with chronic sadness or depression due to missing their deployed parent. Kavitha Cardoza/WAMU Check … They need to be better coordinated and delivered at the level of individuals, families, and communities. While not inherently “bad,” a sudden spike in responsibility is stressful for anyone, especially children who are still learning about how to be responsible for tasks. Changing schools multiple times over, and navigating gains and losses that are inherent of military life, requires exceptional sacrifice. It is natural for humans to connect and bond to our environment and to experience sadness and grief when we leave them behind. Teachers and school administrators are in a unique position to provide support and assistance to military children and their families. For most families in the United States, long separations between children and … No, often times military families are assigned to Surprise! Lastly, previously acquired developmental milestones, such as using the potty, sleeping through the night, or talking in sentences, may temporarily back-track. Here are my Top 10 Ways the Military Family Is Unique. The challenge is starting over in a new school, town, or new country; leaving friends and familiar places. Future studies should focus on identifying the specific strengths and assets that help military children function well during a deployment, including reviews of current interventions to determine their success in helping military children and families throughout the deployment process. We’re in a unique position where we may meet someone one day in the United States, and either never see them again in your life or you may run into that person again years down the road, when you’re both living in a place like Germany. Further, military families are particularly vulnerable to the negative repercussions of the favorite child complex. • There are about 1.85 million children in the U.S. with at least one parent in the military, many of whom relocate more frequently than non-military children. Since many service members experience mental health problems upon their return, research is needed on the effect the service member’s mental and/or physical health concerns have on family members, including coping, adjustment and health concerns in grandparents, and others beyond the traditional nuclear family. As most current studies only focus on the effects of deployment during the time of actual deployment, more long-term studies are needed to determine both the short and long-term effects of deployment on children and families. Gen. Dave and Mrs. Dulce Howe and senior at Tabb High School, won the Langley Officer’s Spouses Club’s 2012 Scholarship contest. Finally, future studies should explore the challenges specific to military families with a special needs child, and what additional support these families may need. Children may respond to this stress in different ways. Being a military child is somewhat like being a part of an elite club. • Alternatively, family members may exhibit increased resilience and personal growth, and become closer after deployments. December 2011; ... to a greater number of child difficulties and well-being . It was sad not being able to celebrate things while he was gone, but it is one of those sacrifices you have to make as a military child. To continue encouraging well-being among military children, parents and community members should work together to foster an open environment, where children can raise questions and concerns. Issues in need of further research are identified, especially research into programs that assist military children and families. This article reviews existing research on military children and families, with attention to their strengths as well as their challenges. Although many children in military families adjust well to the challenges of military life, some children, especially those with special needs, may still face significant problems. December 2011; ... to a greater number of child difficulties and well-being . This emotional cycle of deployment begins when news of deployment is released to the family. Editor’s Note: Elizabeth Howe, the daughter of U.S. Air Force Brig. If you are anticipating a move, connect with your child’s new school and community, if possible. Emerging evidence suggests that military children struggle with more mental health and behavioral problems than their civilian counterparts, particularly at times of deployment.” Watson and Schertz go on to pose a number of questions about military children as they age out of dependent status and transition into civilian life. Being a military child is somewhat like being a part of an elite club. Military Children from WAMU's Breaking Ground project sheds light on the challenges of being the child of soldiers. It’s refreshing to see recognition for the affect that has had on their lives. The wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have led to concerning psychological, behavioral, and academic outcomes for children in military families. Military children have always had to deal with the stressors of being the new kid on the block. Below are four of the top challenges that our military kids face, some common difficulties kids experience as a reaction to those challenges, and some tips to help your children through them. Military children typically attend between seven to nine schools before they graduate, moving approximately every two years. LANGLEY AIR FORCE BASE, Va., April 12, 2012 — EDITOR'S NOTE: Elizabeth Howe, the daughter of U.S. Air Force Brig. Anyone who has experienced a move knows how stressful it is. problems. Let your child know that you are there to support them and that they can always tell you if they are feeling overwhelmed. What items could you add to the list? I am different because of my opportunities and challenges. And, with each move comes many transitions. This also applies to child care services and pre-school enrollments. Much of the time, this means that the home-front parents take on parenting “double-duty.” However, school-aged and adolescent children often experience an increase in responsibility too. It is important to help your child know that it’s okay to feel nervous or scared, and that you are there to help them through the tough parts. Children of military and veteran families experience unique challenges related to military life and culture. One in Five Minds and Clarity Child Guidance Center accepts no liability for any errors, omissions or representations. It’s easy to … Future studies should focus on the relationships between these factors, and how they interact to determine post-deployment outcomes for these families. Frequent moves can also make it difficult to build and maintain friendships and social groups. Adapting to new people, places, and things is hard for everyone, and children can face various challenges as they work hard to adjust to their new surroundings. It begins with a review of the basic demographics of military families and a discussion of the variability among military families. And sometimes, they occur during peacetime. No matter what, these separations are stressful, especially for the youngest members of our force – military children. We’re in a unique position where we may meet someone one day in the United States, and either never see them again in your life or you may run into that person again years down the road, when you’re both living in a place like Germany. For example, at FE Warren, AFB I’ve made a lot They’re Like You. Military life means moving a lot. They may have more household chores or more obligations in looking after their younger siblings. Notify military personnel assigned to installations with known challenges regarding access to adequate public education via their orders and provide contact information for the School Liaison Officer to start working solutions before arriving at the new … My military upbringing has taught me how to work harder, get further, and always be me. Military families are not that different from civilian families. According to Dr. Jonathan Zaff who presented at the 2011 CNA Conference, 80 percent of military children are functioning relatively well despite the challenges. However, there are steps you can take to help prepare your child for a deployment, support them during the deployment, and reconnect with their deployed parent post-deployment. Changing schools multiple times over, and navigating gains and losses that are inherent of military … • Although military families cope well with short separations, deployments greater than six months can have adverse effects on children’s physical health, behavior and academic performance, potentially increasing depression and anxiety in military children. Many of the challenges military families face are moderated by interacting factors, such as branch of service, age, education, ethnicity, and pre-existing problems and assets. My children grieved the death of a friend’s father at the ages of nine, seven, and five. Any copyright remains with the author and any liability with regard to infringement of intellectual property rights remain with them. At that time, only 15 percent of active-duty troops—who were nearly all men—were also parents, so the hardship on children was neither prominent nor researched. Family Separations. The list can go on forever about the negatives of living in a military family, but there are also some really awesome things about being a military brat, such as becoming strong and … The Future of Children and the Military Child Education Coalition jointly developed this issue of the journal to promote effective policies and programs for military-connected children and their families by providing timely, objective information based on the best However, in recent years, unprecedented lengthy and multiple combat deployments of service members have posed multiple challenges for U.S. military children and families. You can help your child understand and process their grief by encouraging them to share their feelings and letting them know it’s normal to feel sad. Williams and I are both Army brats -- her father is a retired lieutenant colonel and mine is an active-duty sergeant major. She served 20 years on active duty in the U.S. Army. I have travelled the world supporting my husband and have lived and breathed the challenges faced by this community. The Children of Military Service Members Challenges, Supports, and Future Educational Research. Issues of military families prior to deployment and after return ... take on the challenges while others do so with resentment. Dr. Johnson’s professional interests include the impact of deployment on children, optimizing resiliency in military families, early child development, parenting, prevention and health promotion, and enhancing the behavioral health of children with chronic health or developmental conditions. Life in the military has its challenges, but also opportunities. For most families in the United States, long separations between children and their parents are rare – unless you are a military family. For example, even in the midst of feeling sad or anxious about the separation, family members may also feel pride for their service member. Approximately 10 to 12 percent of military-connected students are served in special education programs. On average, military families are assigned to a new installation every two to three years. Make them aware of any special needs, and advocate for getting support with the transition. For example, at FE Warren, AFB I’ve made a lot The challenge is starting over in a new school, town, or new country; leaving friends and familiar places. Programs for military children and families often focus on the prevention or reduction of problems. Her winning commentary, which reflects on her experiences as a military child, is published in celebration of the Month of the Military Child. Shorter separations, usually around 1 month, are even more common, as many service members must often travel for trainings and military-related educational programs. Additional research on the experiences of National Guard and Reserve families, who often have less access to support services, would also be valuable. Talk with your child before the move to help them prepare, build a support system, and check in with them frequently in the months after the move. Additionally, current programs need to be expanded, and would ideally focus on more comprehensive approaches to social stability and reducing the stigma associated with seeking mental health care. Some Quick Resources and Suggestions to Support your Military-Connected Child, Mansfield, A. J., Kaufman, J. S., Engel, C. C., & Gaynes, B. N. (2011). Being a military child comes with unique challenges, and yet there are many things parents and professionals can do to support their child through stressful times. Editor’s Note: Elizabeth Howe, the daughter of U.S. Air Force Brig. Families face a number of challenges before, during, and after deployment. Writing about the challenges you've faced during military life can set you apart from other college applicants. Deployment: When a parent is deployed, a child … One thing you always hear about military brats is that they move around a lot, and that’s true. Life in the military has its challenges, but also opportunities. You can also help your child to brainstorm creative ways to maintain connections with loved ones living far away by using technology such as video chatting, sending pictures, and videos. 1,381,584 of the military-connected children are ages 4-18 years old. Moving means not only a new home but also new neighbors, new classmates, new teachers, a new classroom, new sports teams, and the list goes on. Programs exist that are intended to help, but their effectiveness is largely unknown. An opportu-nity being a military child IS making new friends and seeing new places. problems. Positive youth development. I learned that growing up as a Military Brat meant not just being part of a military family, but being part of the military family. No job is just a mommy or just a daddy job. Being a military spouse can actually make some parts of going back to school easier. If you grew up in a military family, you know that many of the challenges you faced were different than those of your civilian friends. When family members find meaning in the service member’s work, they tend to function better. It is just as important to recognize their assets and to promote them. Of the 1.2 million school-aged children of military service members, only 86,000 actually attend schools administered by the Department of Defense on military … The opinions, representations and statements made within this guest article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of One in Five Minds or Clarity Child Guidance Center. With demands on service members and their families being greater now than in past years, policy makers might consider funding more support programs for family members as well. She is member of the STRONG STAR Multidisciplinary Research Consortium and the Consortium to Alleviate PTSD, whose mission is to alleviate and prevent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other deployment related problems in active duty service members and their families. Military children face challenges others often do not encounter until adulthood. The military community is one that is close to my heart being an ex-soldier and a current wife to a serving solider and mother to 2 young service children. Pre-deployment: During the days and months leading up to deployment, service members and their families may experience a variety of stressful events, such as dealing with legal issues, creating a will, or assigning a power of attorney.Children may feel confused or anxious about what will happen to them. Today we'd like to talk about some of the biggest challenges you face as a military family and hear your ideas for future chat topics. Previous research has found that the families that function most effectively during relocations and other major transitions related to military life tend to be active, optimis… Other children may act out or become more oppositional as they struggle with feelings of anger at having to be separated from their parent. As a military brat, you learned at an early age that there is much you have no control over so you better make the best of what you have. It’s refreshing to see recognition for the affect that has had on their lives. But being a part of a military family also presents some unique challenges, experiences, and joys that folks who have not shared our way of life may miss out on. When your parent is gone all the time for a long period of time, you have to learn to control your emotions. 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